Nearly 24,600 Murcians were treated last year for depression and anxiety

The Community is developing the Action Program for the promotion and improvement of mental health 2019-2022 to facilitate the best possible care for citizens

Tomorrow, January 13, the World Day of the fight against depression is celebrated, which aims to raise awareness about this disorder

Nearly 24,600 Murcians were treated last year for depression and anxiety, of which 3,935 for the first time, according to data from the mental health area of ​​the Murcian Health Service (SMS), on the occasion of the celebration of World Health Day tomorrow. fight against depression.

This day is commemorated to raise society's awareness of a disease that is estimated to affect almost 5 percent of the world's population.

Depression is a frequent mental disorder that is characterized by the presence of sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or lack of self-esteem, sleep or appetite disorders, feeling tired and lack of concentration.

To facilitate the best possible care for people suffering from this disorder and other mental disorders, the Community is developing the Action Program for the promotion and improvement of mental health 2019-2022, which will strengthen the Mental Health system with an investment of around 6 million euros and 140 new professionals, including doctors, clinical psychologists, specialist nurses, therapists and social workers.

The Region of Murcia has a Comprehensive Mental Health Care Network, with 16 specific healthcare centers, two addiction centers, four rehabilitation units, three community assertive teams, a hospital detoxification unit, a unit for mental health disorders, feeding behavior and five brief hospitalization units in general hospitals and one in the Román Alberca, where there is also a half-stay unit and a day hospital.

Around 67,000 people were treated last year by SMS for causes related to mental health, of which about 24,600 did so for depression and anxiety, for which they required more than 130,000 consultations in the year, out of a total of 500,000 annual mental health consultations.

Emphasizes the involvement of Primary Care in the diagnosis and treatment of this type of disorder, because around 40 percent of all consultations made by family medicine are related to mental health and are resolved in the centers themselves of health, without having to be remitted to specific resources, to which they are derived between 5 and 10 percent of cases.

This is the main reason why the 'Clinical practice guide for depressive disorders' was developed jointly by Mental Health and Primary Care a few years ago, in which the approach to this disorder is addressed.

Preventive tips

With initial depressive symptoms, it is more convenient to adopt a vigilant attitude, without treatment, evaluating the situation again in about two weeks, since antidepressants, like any other drug, have side effects and should be used with caution, only when necessary and during the minimum of essential time.

Maintaining a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, doing physical activities and exercising in people with a sedentary lifestyle, learning new things, getting away from loud noises and lights, leaning on friends and family and making free time a priority are some tips to combat it.

Statistically, women suffer more from depression (5.1 percent of the population, versus 3.3 percent in the case of men).

Among the reasons that are most frequently evoked is the pressure that women suffer from their double responsibilities at home and as workers, and the impact of changes in their reproductive functions, although the difference could also be due to the fact that men report less of this state.

On the other hand, postpartum depression affects one in six women who give birth, a vital change that can cause concern, fatigue and sadness.

Source: CARM

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